Escritor e crítico Christopher Hitchens morre aos 62 anos: diferenças entre revisões

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{{obituário}}
{{date|December 16, 2011}}
[[File:Christopher Hitchens.jpg|thumb|left|220px|Christopher Hitchens speakingfalando inem 2007 atna conferência The Amazing Meeting 5 (TAM5) conference inem Las Vegas, Estados Unidos. {{imagefonte-img|ensceptico}}]]
{{data|17 de dezembro de 2011}}
[[UK|British]]-born author, journalist and political commentator [[Christopher Hitchens]] has died yesterday aged 62 at the MD Anderson Cancer Center in [[Houston]], [[Texas]], following a diagnosis of esophageal cancer in June 2010.
{{p|Grã-Bretanha|Britânico}} por nascimento, o jornalista, escritor e comentarista político {{p|Christopher Hitchens}} morreu ontem aos 62 anos no MD Anderson Cancer Center, em {{w|Houston}}, {{w|Texas}}, após o diagnóstico de câncer de esôfago em Junho de 2010.
 
Hitchens wasnasceu born inem 1949 inem {{w|Portsmouth}}, {{w|Grã-Bretanha}}, no {{p|Reino Unido}}. AfterDepois graduatingde fromse formar a partir de {{w|Oxford}} withcom aum third-classgrau de terceira degreeclasse inna politicspolítica, philosophyfilosofia ande economicseconomia inem 1970, Hitchens wroteescreveu forbrevemente theno {{w|Times Higher Educational Supplement}} briefly, beforeantes movingde onpassar topara theo {{w|New Statesman}}, where heonde metconheceu theo novelistescritor {{w|Martin Amis}}. AfterDepois movingde tose themudar Unitedpara Statesos in{{p|Estados Unidos}} em 1981, heele startedcomeçou writinga forescrever U.S.-basedpublicações publicationspara {{w|Estados Unidos|americanos}} likecomo {{w|Vanity Fair (magazinerevista)|Vanity Fair}}, {{w|The Atlantic}} ande {{w|Slate (magazinerevista)|Slate}}.
 
InEm moreanos recentmais yearsrecentes, Hitchens sidedao withlado [[de {{p|George W. Bush]]}} indeu supportingapoio theà warguerra inno Iraq,{{p|Iraque}} ande alsotambém wentpassou ona toescrever write aum polemicallivro bookpolêmico onsobre religionreligião, ''{{w|God Is Not Great}}'' (Deus Não É Grande), followingseguindo aum themetema apparentaparente inem hisseus earlieresforços debunkinganteriores effortspara towardsdesbancar a {{wp|MotherMadre Teresa}} "auma fanaticfanática, auma fundamentalist,fundamentalista ande auma fraudfraude", de accordingacordo tocom Hitchens. TheA deathmorte ofde {{wp|Jerry Falwell}} raised(em Hitchens'2007) ire,levantou statinga thatira itHitchens, isafirmando "aque shameé that"uma therevergonha isque nonão hell forinferno para Falwell topara goir toagora" ande callingpor himter achamando ele de "faith-basedfraude baseada na fraud".
 
InEm hissuas memoirsmemórias, ''{{w|Hitch-22}}'', heele wroteescreveu ofsobre aum encontro sexual encountercom with twodois (unnamedsem nome) malemembros membersmasculinos ofda gabinete da ex-primeira-ministra inglesa {{wp|Margaret Thatcher|Margaret Thatcher's}} cabinet(1979-1990). Hitchens wasé well-knownbem forconhecido hispor drinkingseu andhábito smokingde habitsfumar e beber, consumingconsumindo 50,.000 cigarettescigarros apor yearano, accordingde toacordo onecom report,relatório ande drinkingbeber enougho everysuficiente daytodos os dias "topara stunatordoar thea averagemula mulemédia" (accordingde toacordo Hitchenscom himselfo próprio Hitchens). TheA discoverydescoberta ofdo cancercâncer lastno yearano waspassado foi, accordingde acordo tocom Hitchens, "somethingalgo sotão predictableprevisível ande banal thatque itmesmo boresme even meaborrece".
 
{{w|Salman Rushdie}}, whoma quem Hitchens hadtinha supportedapoiado againstcontra Ayatollaha Khomeini's 'fatwa'' (decreto religioso) do {{p|Ruhollah Khomeini|Aiatolá Khomeini}} (1902-1989), wroteescreveu onno {{p|Twitter}} followingapós Hitchens'a deathmorte de Hitchens: "Goodbye, my beloved friend. A great voice falls silent. A great heart stops." (''"Adeus, meu amigo amado. A grande voz cai'' [no] ''silêncio. Um grande coração parou."'').
 
Hitchens wasnão notestava closeperto tode hisseu brotherirmão {{w|Peter Hitchens}}, aum conservativecolunista columnistconservador. HeEle isdeixa survived by wifeesposa Carol Blue, daughtera filha Antonia, ande twoduas childrencrianças AlexanderAlexandre ande Sophia fromde anum earliercasamento marriageanterior.
{{opine}}
 
== Related storiesFontes ==
* {{fonte|idioma=en|autor=|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-16212418|título=Christopher Hitchens dies after battle with cancer|pub=BBC News|data=16 de Dezembro de 2011}}
* {{wikinews|title=Tony Blair debates religion with Christopher Hitchens in Canada|date=November 30, 2010}}
*{{Fonte|idioma=en|autor=Nicholas Shakespeare|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/8960582/Christopher-Hitchens-a-noble-contrarian.html|título=Christopher Hitchens: a noble contrarian|pub=Daily Telegraph|data=16 de Dezembro de 2011}}
 
*{{Fonte|idioma=en|autor=Arthur MacMillan|url=http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5h1o4H3ysrh-iqi0otJbTTK2uqlhw?docId=CNG.3d0bcbb75a3feaf9a8f298362375c930.3c1|título=British writer Christopher Hitchens dead at 62|pub=AFP|data=16 de Dezembro de 2011}}
== Sources ==
*{{Fonte|idioma=en|autor=Juli Weiner|url=http://www.vanityfair.com/online/daily/2011/12/In-Memoriam-Christopher-Hitchens-19492011|título=In Memoriam: Christopher Hitchens, 1949–2011|pub=Vanity Fair|data=15 de Dezembro de 2011}}
* {{source|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/dec/16/christopher-hitchens-dies-aged-62?intcmp=122
*{{Fonte|idioma=en|autor=Grayon Carter|url=http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/christopher-hitchens/graydon-201112|título=Christopher Hitchens, 1949–2011: In Memoriam|pub=Vanity Fair|data=15 de Dezembro de 2011}}
|title=Christopher Hitchens dies aged 62
*{{Fonte|idioma=en|autor=Christopher Hitchens|url=http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/fighting_words/2007/05/faithbased_fraud.html|título=Faith-Based Fraud|pub=Slate|data= 16 de maio de 2007}}
|pub=The Guardian
{{Tradução|1=en|2=Author and contrarian Christopher Hitchens dies at age 62|3=1877011|4=15 de abril de 2013}}
|author=Richard Lea
{{Publicado}}
|date=December 16, 2011
[[Categoria:América]]
}}
[[Categoria:Europa]]
* {{source|url=http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/celebrity/christopher-hitchens-dead-20111216-1oyc4.html
[[Categoria:América do Norte]]
|title=Christopher Hitchens dead
[[Categoria:Estados Unidos]]
|pub=Sydney Morning Herald
[[Categoria:Reino Unido]]
|author=James Robertson
[[Categoria:Texas]]
|date=December 16, 2011
[[Categoria:Houston]]
}}
[[Categoria:Inglaterra]]
* {{source|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-16212418
[[Categoria:Cultura]]
|title=Christopher Hitchens dies after battle with cancer
[[Categoria:Cultura e entretenimento]]
|pub=BBC News
[[Categoria:Entretenimento]]
|date=December 16, 2011
[[Categoria:Filosofia]]
}}
[[Categoria:Literatura]]
* {{source|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/8960582/Christopher-Hitchens-a-noble-contrarian.html
[[Categoria:Religião]]
|title=Christopher Hitchens: a noble contrarian
[[Categoria:Cristianismo]]
|author=Nicholas Shakespeare
[[Categoria:Islamismo]]
|pub=Daily Telegraph
[[Categoria:Christopher Hitchens]]
|date=December 16, 2011
[[Categoria:Margaret Thatcher]]
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5h1o4H3ysrh-iqi0otJbTTK2uqlhw?docId=CNG.3d0bcbb75a3feaf9a8f298362375c930.3c1
|title=British writer Christopher Hitchens dead at 62
|pub=AFP
|author=Arthur MacMillan
|date=December 16, 2011
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.vanityfair.com/online/daily/2011/12/In-Memoriam-Christopher-Hitchens-19492011
|title=In Memoriam: Christopher Hitchens, 1949–2011
|pub=Vanity Fair
|author=Juli Weiner
|date=December 15, 2011
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/christopher-hitchens/graydon-201112
|title=Christopher Hitchens, 1949–2011: In Memoriam
|pub=Vanity Fair
|author=Grayon Carter
|date=December 15, 2011
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/fighting_words/2007/05/faithbased_fraud.html
|title=Faith-Based Fraud
|author=Christopher Hitchens
|pub=Slate
|date=May 16, 2007
}}
* {{source|url=http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/fighting_words/2003/10/mommie_dearest.html
|title=Mommie Dearest
|author=Christopher Hitchens
|pub=Slate
|date=October 20, 2003
}}
 
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